Standing Firm In Defense of Gallicanism
by Thomas A. Droleskey
After keeping silent about the blasphemies, apostasis and sacrileges of the "pope" he thought would permit the Society of Saint Pius X to receive full acceptance within the structures of the counterfeit church of conciliarism, Bishop Bernard Fellay, the Superior General of the Society of Saint Pius X, has finally concluded that there will be no rapprochement with the conciliar officials:
Today, along the same lines, we can only repeat what Archbishop Lefebvre and Fr. Schmidberger in turn declared. All the errors that they denounced, we denounce. We beg Heaven and the authorities of the Church, in particular the new Supreme Pontiff, Pope Francis, Vicar of Christ, Successor of Peter, not to allow souls to perish because they no longer learn sound doctrine, the revealed deposit of the faith, without which no one can be saved, no one can please God.
What good is it to devote oneself to serving people if one hides from them what is essential, the purpose and the meaning of their life, and the seriousness of sin that turns them away from it? Works of charity done for the poor, the needy, the infirm, and the sick have always been a true concern for the Church, and we must not excuse ourselves from it, but if it becomes merely man-centered philanthropy, then the Church is no longer carrying out her mission, she is no longer leading souls to God, which can really be done only by supernatural means: faith, hope, charity and grace. And therefore by denouncing anything that is opposed to them: errors against faith and morality. Because if people sin, for want of that denunciation, they are damned for eternity. The Church’s reason for being is to save them and to help them avoid the misfortune of their eternal perdition.
Now obviously that could not possibly please the world, which then turns against the Church, often violently, as history shows us.
Here we are then, at Easter 2013, and the situation in the Church remains almost unchanged. The words of Archbishop Lefebvre take on a prophetic tone. It has all come to pass, and it all continues for the greater misfortune of souls who no longer hear from their pastors the message of salvation.
Without becoming upset over the duration of this terrible crisis or over the number of prelates and bishops who pursue the self-destruction of the Church, as Paul VI acknowledged, we continue, to the extent of our abilities, to proclaim that the Church can change neither her dogmas nor her morality. For no one can meddle with these venerable institutions without provoking a genuine disaster. Although some accidental modifications pertaining to the external form must be made - as it happens in all human institutions - in no case can they be made contrary to the principles that have guided the Church in all the preceding centuries. (Superior General's Letter to Friends & Benefactors.)
This is really remarkable.
Bishop Bernard Fellay wants the priests, religious and lay faithful of the Society of Saint Pius X to forget that he spent most of the last seven years, seven and one-half months being silent about the almost, although not quite, every of Joseph Ratzinger/Benedict XVI's major offenses against the Holy Faith and thus of the good of souls, something that I have pointed out in a number of different articles in the past eighteen months (see Just Sign On The Dotted Line P.S. Don't Sweat The Details, Preparing To Sign On That Dotted Line?, Just About To Complete A Long March Into Oblivion, On The Terms Of The Enemies Of Christ The King, Trying to Stop the Waltz, "Yer Durn Tootin'", False Doctrine, Father Pfluger?, Uncrossed Ts and Undotted Is?, Oyster Bay Cove On Steroids, Oyster Bay Cove On Steroids, part two, Monkey Wrenches, Admit Bearer Only After Denying The Catholic Faith, Fret Not About Denying The Faith, Fret Not, Way, Way Over The Rainbow, Compromise With Error Must End In Disaster, Truly Needless Strife, What Lines Are You Reading Between, Bishop Fellay?, Bishop Fellay, Meet Bishop Fellay (or Say Good Night, Bishop Fellay), Memo To Bishop Fellay: Ratzinger/Benedict Really, Really, Really, Really, Really Loves Gerhard Ludwig Muller, Another Memo To Bishop Fellay: Ratzinger/Benedict Really, Really, Really, Really, Really Loves Walter Kasper, Finding Conciliarism's Irreducible Minimum At Long Last, part two, Finding Conciliarism's Irreducible Minimum At Long Last, part three, Contrast The Outrage, part one, All Together Now: Go Right Ahead, Gerhard, Make Our Day, Please Help Bishop Fellay Find His Hermeneutic Of Continuity, part one, Please Help Bishop Fellay Find His Hermeneutic Of Continuity, part two, Helping Bishop Fellay To Find His Hermeneutic Of Continuity, Helping Bishop Fellay To Find His Hermeneutic Of Continuity, part two). He was silent for purely opportunistic reasons having nothing whatsoever with principle.
Indeed, Bishop Fellay engaged a veritable reign of terror against his critics within the Society of Saint Pius X, going so far as to expel Bishop Richard Williamson from its ranks. Numerous priests and members of the laity have been read out of the Society and denounced in the most vitriolic terms. These Catholics were expelled from the Society of Saint Pius X for opposing and criticizing Bishop Fellay even though he, Bishop Fellay, is now back in the business of criticizing the "Second" Vatican Council and the current universal public face of apostasy, Jorge Mario Bergoglio, currently masquerading himself as "Pope" Francs. Bishop Fellay can decide who can criticize conciliarism and the conciliar authorities and the circumstances under which they may do so while also believing himself to supreme authority over everything and everyone in the Society of Saint Pius X. How is this not schismatic of its very nature?
Bishop Fellay's statement that "if people sin, for want of that denunciation, they are damned for eternity" is very interesting given the fact that he was attempting to justify the philosophically absurd and dogmatically condemned "hermeneutic of continuity" at this time last year:
of those who are opposed to the Society’s acceptance of a possible
canonical recognition allege that the doctrinal discussions could have
led to this acceptance only if they had concluded with a doctrinal
solution, in other words, a “conversion” by Rome. Has your position on
this point changed?
Bishop Fellay: It must be acknowledged that
these discussions have allowed us to present clearly the various
problems that we experience with regard to Vatican II. What has changed
is the fact that Rome no longer makes total acceptance of Vatican II a
prerequisite for the canonical solution. Today, in Rome, some people
regard a different understanding of the Council as something that is not
decisive for the future of the Church, since the Church is more than
the Council. Indeed, the Church cannot be reduced to the Council; she
is much larger. Therefore we must strive to resolve more far-reaching
problems. This new awareness can help us to understanding what is
really happening: we are called to help bring to others the treasure of
Tradition that we have been able to preserve.
So the attitude of the official Church is what changed; we
did not. We were not the ones who asked for an agreement; the pope is
the one who wants to recognize us. You may ask: why this change? We
are still not in agreement doctrinally, and yet the pope wants to
recognize us! Why? The answer is right in front of us: there are
terribly important problems in the Church today. These problems must be
addressed. We must set aside the secondary problems and deal
with the major problems. This is the answer of one or another Roman
prelate, although they will never say so openly; you have to read
between the lines to understand.
The official authorities do not want to acknowledge
the errors of the Council. They will never say so explicitly.
Nevertheless, if you read between the lines, you can see that they hope
to remedy some of these errors. Here is an interesting example
on the subject of the priesthood. You know that starting with the
Council there was a new concept of the priesthood and that it demolished
the role of the priest. Today we see very clearly that the Roman
authorities are trying to rehabilitate the true concept of the priest.
We observed this already during the Year of the Priest that took place
in 2010-2011. Now, the Feast of the Sacred Heart is becoming the day
consecrated to the sanctification of priests. For this occasion, a
letter was published and an examination of conscience for priests was
composed. One might think that they went to Ecône to find this
examination of conscience, it is so much along the lines of
pre-conciliar spirituality. This examination presents the traditional
image of the priest, and also of his role in the Church. This role is
what Archbishop Lefebvre affirms when he describes the Society’s
mission: to restore the Church by restoring the priest. (Rome-SSPX - Important: Interview with SSPX Superior General Bp. Fellay on current affairs.)
Bishop Fellay was not alone in this exercise in positivism that he now expects Catholics to forget ever happened (even sexagenarians can have fairly good memories, Bishop Fellay). He was joined last year by Father Niklaus Pfluger,his first Assistant of the Superior General of the Society of Saint Pius X, who gave a two-hour conference on the Third Sunday of Easter, Sunday, April 29, 2012, in Hattersheim, Hesse, Germany. A summary of this conference was published on the Rorate Caeli blogspot last year;
Nothing new – that is how one could describe the first half hour of the conference given by Fr. Niklaus Pfluger at this year’s Spes-Unica-Sunday: the First Assistant of the Superior General of the SSPX recalled once more how the relationship with Rome has developed in recent years.
But then the conference hall in Hattersheim (Germany) got more and more excited as Fr. Pfluger unexpectedly started to unveil the events of the past years up until now. And he also announced that these events prompted Bishop Fellay to place aside the principle that guided negotiations with Rome.
The Pope’s desire of a solution
“No practical solution without doctrinal agreement” – such was the principle upon which the Society had started the talks with the Holy See. But the negotiations of the past years have revealed that the different positions regarding central questions of doctrine cannot be bridged.
Recent weeks have revealed that the Pope is so much interested in a canonical solution for the Society that he is ready to seal a deal, even if the Society does not recognize the disputed texts of Vatican II and the New Mass. Would the Society, however, refuse an agreement even under these circumstances, then new excommunications are a possible outcome.
The freedom to continue working in freedom
Under these circumstances the Superior General, Bishop Bernard Fellay, does not consider it possible to reject the Pope’s proposal. It would be tantamount to a lapse into Sedevacantism if one would still isolate oneself from the Pope’s wish, if this wish does not entail acknowledging false doctrine. It also is a matter of prudence/wisdom not to cut all connections with Rome. One should keep at least one door open, even if at this moment there seems to be no proximity in doctrinal matters.
It is, of course, a pre-condition that an agreement will cover the assurance that the Society will be able to disagree from Rome’s positions in disputed matters and that it will have the freedom to continue her work in her entire apostolate. Part of an autonomous status would also be the right to criticize the Council and Modernism.
The offer to Archbishop Lefebvre and historical parallels
By way of support for Bishop Fellay’s decision Fr. Pfluger recalled the way of action of Archbishop Lefebvre in 1987 and 1988. At that time the Archbishop proposed a far-reaching proposal for an agreement with which he wanted to arrive at a pragmatic interim solution which would have benefited the whole Church. The arrangement that the Archbishop was willing to sign at that time demanded far more concessions from the Society than what Pope Benedict demands at the moment.
Moreover, one has to realize how much false doctrines have spread throughout the Church. Even if a theological conciliation between Rome and the Fraternity would have been achieved, it could not be expected that by a word of command from the Pope all false doctrines would suddenly disappear from the face of the earth. Fr. Pfluger points to parallels in the history of the church: after the condemnation of Arianism, this false doctrine was still spread widely for quite some time, in some regions even for many decades. And even fifty years after the Council of Trent, the Archbishop of Milan asks Rome for advice, for almost all of his clergy have wives and children. What is he to do? – The response from Rome shows how the church reacts with wisdom and common sense in such situations: if he cannot replace the clergy, then he simply has to keep it.
The relentless reinforcing of Tradition
The acknowledgement of the Society would, after all, be an official confirmation of the importance of Tradition, something that would be very important and influential throughout the Church. And it would rectify the injustice of her stigmatization. Is there not a danger of hostile local bishops using the arrangement to fight and impede further working of the Fraternity? – Against this foreseeable argument the First Assistant holds the development of recent years: the movement in the direction of Tradition – and mainly the wish of young priests to say the Old Mass – has become unstoppable, despite intimidation and oppression. In fact, this movement is now so strong that the Fraternity will be able to resist such claims from modernist Bishops. (Rorate Caeli.)
Bishop Fellay now wants the small part of the Catholic world that pays attention to the events in the exceedingly small fishbowl of traditionalism to forget that these rationalizations and the terror that he rained down upon his critics in the Society of Saint Pius X ever happened.
Will Bishop Williamson now be welcomed back into the Society of Saint Pius X?
Will the priests and the laity who have been expelled and recently denounced on a website devoted to that purpose now be welcomed back? Will the denunciations be removed?
What will become of the Society of Saint Pius X of the Strict Observance?
The answers really do not matter.
The Society of Saint Pius X adheres to errors of Gallicanism that were denounced by Pope Pius VI in Auctorem Fidei, August 28, 1794. False or confusing doctrines and liturgies that give rise to sacrileges and are profanations by their very nature can never come from the spotless Mystical Bride of Our Blessed Lord and Saviour Jesus Christ, which is precisely why the canonical doctrine, which is true in and of its nature, that teaches us the See of Peter is vacant in the case of heresy applies in these times.
Conciliarism is either the same thing as Catholicism or it is not. It is that simple. And the use of reason informed by the Holy Faith instructs us that contradictories cannot be true. Concilairism is not Catholicism, and it is well past time for the Society of Saint Pius X to recognize that their approach is nothing other than a recrudescence of the old spirit of Jansenism that was condemned by Pope Pius VI in Auctorem Fidei, August 28, 1794, and satirized so brilliant by Bishop Emile Bougaud on the Nineteenth Century and condemned as well by Pope Pius IX in The Syllabus of Errors, December 8, 1864:
6. The doctrine of the synod by which it professes that "it
is convinced that a bishop has received from Christ all necessary
rights for the good government of his diocese," just as if for the good
government of each diocese higher ordinances dealing either with faith
and morals, or with general discipline, are not necessary, the right of
which belongs to the supreme Pontiffs and the General Councils for the
universal Church,—schismatic, at least erroneous.
7. Likewise, in this, that it encourages a bishop "to pursue zealously
a more perfect constitution of ecclesiastical discipline," and this
"against all contrary customs, exemptions, reservations which are
opposed to the good order of the diocese, for the greater glory of God
and for the greater edification of the faithful"; in that it supposes that
a bishop has the right by his own judgment and will to decree and
decide contrary to customs, exemptions, reservations, whether they
prevail in the universal Church or even in each province, without the
consent or the intervention of a higher hierarchic power, by which these
customs, etc., have been introduced or approved and have the force of
law,—leading to schism and subversion of hierarchic rule, erroneous.
8. Likewise, in that it says it is convinced that "the rights of a
bishop received from Jesus Christ for the government of the Church
cannot be altered nor hindered, and, when it has happened that the
exercise of these rights has been interrupted for any reason whatsoever,
a bishop can always and should return to his original rights, as often
as the greater good of his church demands it"; in the fact that
it intimates that the exercise of episcopal rights can be hindered and
coerced by no higher power, whenever a bishop shall judge that it does
not further the greater good of his church,—leading to schism, and to
subversion of hierarchic government, erroneous. (Pope Pius VI, Auctorem Fidei, August 28, 1794.)
The violent attacks of Protestantism against the
Papacy, its calumnies and so manifest, the odious caricatures it
scattered abroad, had undoubtedly inspired France with horror;
nevertheless the sad impressions remained. In such accusations all,
perhaps, was not false. Mistrust was excited., and instead of drawing
closer to the insulted and outraged Papacy, France stood on her guard
against it. In vain did Fenelon, who felt the danger, write in his
treatise on the "Power of the Pope," and, to remind France of her
sublime mission and true role in the world, compose his "History of
Charlemagne." In vain did Bossuet majestically rise in the midst of that
agitated assembly of 1682, convened to dictate laws to the Holy See,
and there, in most touching accents, give vent to professions of
fidelity and devotedness toward the Chair of St. Peter. We already
notice in his discourse mention no longer made of the "Sovereign
Pontiff." The "Holy See," the "Chair of St. Peter," the "Roman Church,"
were alone alluded to. First and alas! too manifest signs of coldness in
the eyes of him who knew the nature and character of France! Others
might obey through duty, might allow themselves to be governed by
principle--France, never! She must be ruled by an individual, she must
love him that governs her, else she can never obey.
These weaknesses should at least have been hidden
in the shadow of the sanctuary, to await the time in which some sincere
and honest solution of the misunderstanding could be given. But no!
parliaments took hold of it, national vanity was identified with it. A
strange spectacle was now seen. A people the most Catholic in the world;
kings who called themselves the Eldest Sons of the Church and who were
really such at heart; grave and profoundly Christian magistrates,
bishops, and priests, though in the depths of their heart attached to
Catholic unity,--all barricading themselves against the head of the
Church; all digging trenches and building ramparts, that his
words might not reach the Faithful before being handled and examined,
and the laics convinced that they contained nothing false, hostile or
dangerous. (Right Reverend Emile Bougaud, The Life of Saint Margaret Mary Alacoque. Published in 1890 by Benziger Brothers. Re-printed by TAN Books and Publishers, 1990, pp. 24-29.)
22. The obligation by which Catholic teachers and authors are
strictly bound is confined to those things only which are proposed to
universal belief as dogmas of faith by the infallible judgment of the
Church. -- Letter to the Archbishop of Munich, "Tuas libenter," Dec. 21, 1863. (Proposition condemned by Pope Pius IX, The Syllabus of Errors,
December 8, 1864; see also two appendices below, reprised from five
days ago to drive home the point that no one can sift through the words
of a true pope to "determine" their orthodoxy as popes cannot err on
matters of Faith and Morals.)
Quite ironically, Pope Pius VI used Auctorem Fidei to condemn the errors of the illegal Synod of Pistoia that are identical to those of conciliarism, proving yet again that the Catholic Church has always condemned errors and that she, the spotless, virginal Mystical Bride of Our Blessed Lord and Saviour Jesus Christ, can never be the author of errors.
Thanks to the hard work of those who are responsible for the Novus Ordo website, which is, along with The Daily Catholic, one of the best news aggregate and commentary sources in the traditional world (far better than those sites that sensationalize and sometimes distort the news without, at least in most instances, ever providing any hyperlinks to check the accuracy of the reporting), there is now the first-ever English translation of the introductory text of Pope Pius VI's Auctorem Fidei. The text clearly shows that the Society of Saint Pius X's ecclesiology is as erroneous as the "new ecclesiology" of conciliarism. The Catholic Church simply cannot be the author of any kind of error or ambiguity. One can see that Pope Pius VI's description of the Jansenists is at one and the same time a perfect description of the modus operandi of Modernists such as Joseph Ratzinger/Benedict XVI and his successors, Francis The Jansenist:
They knew the
capacity of innovators in the art of deception. In order not to shock the ears of Catholics, the innovators sought to hide the subtleties of their tortuous maneuvers by the use of seemingly innocuous words such as would allow them to insinuate error into souls in the most gentle manner. Once the truth had been compromised, they could, by means of slight changes or additions in phraseology, distort the confession of the faith that is necessary for our salvation, and lead the faithful by subtle errors to their eternal damnation. This manner of dissimulating and lying is vicious, regardless of the circumstances under which it is used. For very good reasons it can never be tolerated in a synod of which the principal glory consists above all in teaching the truth with clarity and excluding all danger of error.
Moreover, if all this is sinful, it cannot be excused in the way that one sees it being done, under the erroneous pretext that the seemingly shocking affirmations in one place are further developed along orthodox lines in other places, and even in yet other places corrected; as if allowing for the possibility of either affirming or denying the statement, or of leaving it up the personal inclinations of the individual – such has always been the fraudulent and daring method used by innovators to establish error. It allows for both the possibility of promoting error and of excusing it.
It is as if the innovators pretended that they always intended to present the alternative passages, especially to those of simple faith who eventually come to know only some part of the conclusions of such discussions, which are published in the common language for everyone's use. Or again, as if the same faithful had the ability on examining such documents to judge such matters for themselves without getting confused and avoiding all risk of error.
It is a most reprehensible technique for the insinuation of doctrinal errors and one condemned long ago by our predecessor St. Celestine
who found it used in the writings of Nestorius, bishop of Constantinople, and which he exposed in order to condemn it with the greatest possible severity. Once these texts were examined carefully, the impostor was exposed and confounded, for he expressed himself in a plethora of words, mixing true things with others that were obscure; mixing at times one with the other in such a way that he was also able to confess those things which were denied while at the same time possessing a basis for denying those very sentences which he confessed.
In order to expose such snares, something which becomes necessary with a certain frequency in every century, no other method is required than the following:
Whenever it becomes necessary to expose statements that disguise some suspected error or danger under the veil of ambiguity, one must denounce the perverse meaning under which the error opposed to Catholic truth is camouflaged. The more freely We embraced a program of complete moderation, the more we foresaw that, in order to reconcile souls and bring them to the unity of spirit in the bond of peace (which, we are glad to say, has by God’s favor already happily occurred in many), it would be of enormous assistance to be prepared in case pertinacious sectarians of the synod – if any, God forbid, still remain, – should be free in the future to bring in as allies Catholic schools and make them partners of their own just condemnation in order to set in motion new disturbances: They endeavor to entice to their side the clearly unwilling and resistant schools by a kind of distorted likeness of similar terms, even though the schools profess expressly different opinions. Then, if any previously imagined, milder opinion about the synod has hitherto escaped the notice of these imprudent men, let every opportunity of complaining still be closed to them. If they are sound in doctrine, as they wish to seem, they cannot take it hard that the teachings identified in this manner– teachings that exhibit errors from which they claim to be entirely distant – stand condemned
Yet We did not think that We had sincerely proved our mildness, or more correctly, the charity that impels us toward our brother, whom we wish to assist by every means , if We may still be able.
Indeed, We are impelled by the charity that moved our predecessor Celestine. He did not refuse to wait with a greater patience than what seemed to be called for, even against what the law demanded, for priests [=bishops] to mend their ways. For we, along with Augustine and the Fathers of Milevis, prefer and desire that men who teach perverse things be healed in the Church by pastoral care rather than be cut off from Her without hope of salvation, if necessity does not force one to act.
Therefore, so as it should not appear that any effort to win over a brother was
overlooked, before We progressed further, We thought to summon the aforementioned bishop to Us by means of very cordial letters written to him at our request, promising that we would receive him with good will and that he would not be barred from freely and openly declaring what seemed to him to meet the needs of his interests. In truth, We had not lost all hope of the possibility that, if he possessed that teachable mind, which Augustine, following the Apostle, required above all else in a bishop, as soon as the chief points of doctrine under dispute, which seemed worthy of greater consideration, were proposed to him simply and candidly, without contention and rancor, then almost beyond a doubt he could, upon reflection, more reasonably explain what had been proposed ambiguously and openly repudiate the notions displaying manifest perversity.
And so, with his name held in high regard amid the delighted acclaim of all good men, the turmoil aroused in the Church would be restrained as peaceably as possible by means of a much-desired correction.
But now since he, alleging ill health, has decided not to make use of the kindness offered to him, We can no longer postpone fulfilling our apostolic duty. It is not a matter of the danger of only one or another diocese: Any novelty at all assails the Universal Church. Now for a long time, from every side, the judgment of the supreme Apostolic See has not only been awaited but earnestly demanded by unremitting, repeated petitions. God forbid that the voice of Peter ever be silent in that See, where, living and presiding perpetually, he presents the truth of the faith to those in search of it.
A lengthier forbearance in such matters is not safe, because it is almost just as much of a crime to close one’s eyes in such cases, as it is to preach such offenses to religion.
Therefore, such a wound must be cut away, a wound by which not one member is hurt, but the entire body of the church is damaged.
And with the aid of divine piety, We must take care that, with the dissensions removed, the Catholic faith be preserved inviolate, and that those whose faith has been proved may be fortified by our authority once those who defend perverse teachings have been recalled from error. (Novus Ordo Watch's World Exclusive, First-Ever English Translation of the Introductory Text to Pope Pius VI's Auctorem Fidei, August 28, 1794.)
Want to stand firm in defense of Gallicanism?
Want to stand firm in defense of conciliarism?
As we would say on the streets of New York and environs, "Fuhhhgetaboutit," will ya?
Pope Pius VI long ago knocked away all pillars of defense for those who believe that the Catholic Church can issue errors and also for those who believe that the Catholic Church can indeed promote propositions that have been condemned repeatedly by our true popes and by Holy Mother Church's twenty legitimate general councils without representing a rupture with Catholic Faith, Worship and Morals.
The Catholic Church can never make any terms with error:
As for the rest, We greatly deplore the fact that,
where the ravings of human reason extend, there is somebody who studies
new things and strives to know more than is necessary, against the
advice of the apostle. There you will find someone who is
overconfident in seeking the truth outside the Catholic Church, in which
it can be found without even a light tarnish of error.
Therefore, the Church is called, and is indeed, a pillar and foundation
of truth. You correctly understand, venerable brothers, that We speak
here also of that erroneous philosophical system which was recently
brought in and is clearly to be condemned. This system, which
comes from the contemptible and unrestrained desire for innovation, does
not seek truth where it stands in the received and holy apostolic
inheritance. Rather, other empty doctrines, futile and uncertain
doctrines not approved by the Church, are adopted. Only the most
conceited men wrongly think that these teachings can sustain and support
that truth. (Pope Gregory XVI, Singulari Nos, May 25, 1834.)
In the Catholic Church Christianity is Incarnate.
It identifies Itself with that perfect, spiritual, and, in its own
order, sovereign society, which is the Mystical Body of Jesus Christ and
which has for Its visible head the Roman Pontiff, successor of the
Prince of the Apostles. It is the continuation of the mission of the
Savior, the daughter and the heiress of His Redemption. It has preached
the Gospel, and has defended it at the price of Its blood, and strong in
the Divine assistance and of that immortality which has been promised
it, It makes no terms with error but remains faithful to the
commands which it has received, to carry the doctrine of Jesus Christ
to the uttermost limits of the world and to the end of time, and to
protect it in its inviolable integrity. (Pope Leo XIII, A Review of His Pontificate, March 19, 1902.)
For the teaching authority of the Church, which in the divine wisdom was constituted on earth in
order that revealed doctrines might remain intact for ever, and that
they might be brought with ease and security to the knowledge of men,
and which is daily exercised through the Roman Pontiff and the Bishops
who are in communion with him, has also the office of defining, when it
sees fit, any truth with solemn rites and decrees, whenever this is
necessary either to oppose the errors or the attacks of heretics, or
more clearly and in greater detail to stamp the minds of the faithful
with the articles of sacred doctrine which have been explained. (Pope
Pius XI, Mortalium Animos, January 6, 1928.)
The Society of Saint Pius X thus errs when picking and choosing what to accept and/or follow from the "Second" Vatican Council and the "magisterium" of the conciliar "popes."
It was a conciliar official, now deceased, who recognized that the See of Peter would be vacant in the case of heresy even though he, the late Mario Pompedda "Cardinal" Francesco, did not believe that the situation obtained at the time that he spoke (in February of 2005 as Karol Wojtyla/John Paul II was dying of Stage III Parkinson's Disease). Yes, sedevacantism is the other possibility, Father Pfluger:
It is true that the canonical doctrine states that the see would be vacant in the case of heresy.
... But in regard to all else, I think what is applicable is what
judgment regulates human acts. And the act of will, namely a resignation
or capacity to govern or not govern, is a human act. (Cardinal Says Pope Could Govern Even If Unable to Speak, Zenit, February 8, 2005; see also see also Gregorius's The Chair is Still Empty.)
Unlike what many
traditionally-minded Catholics have heard from the theologians of the
Society of Saint Pius X, however, Pompedda was intellectually honest
enough to admit that sedevacantism is indeed a part of the canonical
doctrine of the Catholic Church. Only a handful of Catholics, priests
and laity alike, accepted this doctrine and recognized that it applied
in our circumstances in the immediate aftermath of the "Second" Vatican Council. I
was not one of them.
We separate ourselves from the
conciliarists because they offend God by defecting from the Faith,
starting with their rejection of the nature of dogmatic truth and their
making complex what it is: the knowledge of Him that He has deposited in
Holy Mother Church. We must understand, however, that offenses against
the moral order are no less of a concern to God than offenses against
doctrine. Offenses against the moral order, many of which have been
committed by the conciliar "bishops" and their chancery factotums and
their insurance companies are not "little things," unless, as I have
noted in other commentaries in recent weeks, that the loss of the Faith
in a single soul is a "little thing" and that the clergy responsible for
indemnifying the loss of just one soul do not show themselves to be
enemies of the Cross of the Divine Redeemer as a result.
Although there are those who tell us that we should
"stay and fight" in once Catholic parishes that now in the hands of
apostates (or their enablers who refuse to speak out against them), we
must recognize that offenses against the doctrines of the Faith and
offenses against the moral order are never the foundations upon which
God will choose to restore His Holy Church. Truth in the moral order is
as black and white as truth in the doctrinal realm. Conciliarism
consists of its very nature in a rejection of various parts of the
Catholic Faith, and it is this rejection that leads in turn to the same
sort of despair and hopelessness in the souls of so many men now as
existed at the time before the First Coming of Our Lord at His
Incarnation and, nine months later, His Nativity.
We must remember at all
times because the crosses of the present moment, no matter their source,
are fashioned to us from the very hand of God Himself to be the means
of our participating in Our Lord's Easter victory over the power of sin
and eternal death. It matters not what anyone thinks of us for refusing
to accept the conciliarists as representatives of the Catholic Church or
for refusing to associate with those who believe act in a de facto manner as the authority of the Church while looking the other way at
grave abuses of the moral order and indemnifying wrong-doers time and
time again. All that matters is that we carry our cross as the
consecrated slaves of Our Blessed Lord and Saviour Jesus Christ through
the Sorrowful and Immaculate Heart of Mary, praying our Rosaries faithfully every and looking for no other
consolation than that which is given to the souls of the elect upon the
Particular Judgment and that is ratified for all to see at General
Judgment of the Living and the Dead:
Well done, good and faithful servant, because thou
hast been faithful over a few things, I will place thee over many
things: enter thou into the joy of thy lord. (Matthew 25: 21.)
We just have to recognize figures of Antichrist for what they are and then flee from them once and for all.
Immaculate Heart of Mary, triumph soon!
Isn't it time to pray a Rosary now?
Viva Cristo Rey! Vivat Christus Rex!
Our Lady of Fatima, pray for us.
Saint Joseph, pray for us.
Saints Peter and Paul, pray for us.
Saint John the Baptist, pray for us.
Saint John the Evangelist, pray for us.
Saint Michael the Archangel, pray for us.
Saint Gabriel the Archangel, pray for us.
Saint Raphael the Archangel, pray for us.
Saints Joachim and Anne, pray for us.
Saints Caspar, Melchior and Balthasar, pray for us.
See also: A Litany of Saints
Correcting the Misinformation About "Erroneous" Popes
Material from Tumultuous Times on Gallicanism and the Mythology of "Heretical" Popes
Papal infallibility had been assailed by an ideology
called Gallicanism (Conciliarism) for more than 400 years prior to the
[First] Vatican Council. Gallicanism "tended to restrict the authority
of the Church regarding the state (Political Gallicanism) or the
authority of the pope regarding councils, bishops, and clergy
(Ecclesiastico-Theological Gallicanism). These erroneous teachings were
widely professed by the clergy of France (formerly
called Gaul, hence the name) and later spread to Flanders, Ireland and
England. Some prelates at the council followed the Gallican ideology and
wished to make papal authority dependent on the bishops and the
approbation of general councils.
In the 14th century in consequence of the confusion
in ecclesiastical and political affairs, the status of the papacy sank
considerably. This was fatefully reflected in its effects on the
teaching of papal primacy. William of Ockham, in his battle against Pope
John XXII, tried to undermine the divine institution of the primacy.
Marsilius of Padua and John of Jandun directly denied it and declared to
primacy to be a mere honorary primacy, and ascribed the supreme
judicial power and doctrinal power to the general council. At the time
of the great Western Schism (1378-1417) many reputable theologians, such
as Henry as Langenstein, Conrad of Gelnhausen, Peter of Ailly and John
Gerson, saw in the doctrine of the superiority of the general council
over the pope (conciliary theory) the sole means of reuniting the
Church. The viewpoint appeared that the general Church was indeed free
from error, but that the Roman Church could err, and fall into heresy
and schism. The Council of Constance (Fourth and Fifth Sessions) and of
Basle (Second Session) declared for the superiority of the council over
the pope. However, the resolutions referring to this did not receive the
papal ratification and were consequently legally invalid (D 657 Amm.
2). In Gallicanism the theory of the superiority of a general council
lived on for hundreds of years. (Dr. Ludwig Ott, Fundamentals of Catholic Dogma, p. 289.)
Many Italians and Romans
who opposed Gallicanism and defended the primacy and infallibility of
the Roman Pontiff became known as Ultramontanists. "Ultramontanism [is] a
term used to denote integral and active Catholicism, because it
recognizes as its spiritual head the pope, who, for the greater part of
Europe, is a dweller beyond the mountains (ultra montes), that
is, beyond the Alps. Ultramontanists stressed the monarchical role of
the pope, his universal jurisdiction, his primacy over the Catholic
Church and his infallibility in ex cathedra pronouncements.
The Chief Doctrinal Error of the Time
The conflict between theses two groups is described by a contemporary writer:
Each council was convened to extinguish the
chief heresy, or to correct the chief evil of the time. And I do not
hesitate to affirm that the denial of the infallibility of the Roman
Pontiff was the chief intellectual or doctrinal error as to faith, not
to call it more than proximate to heresy, of our times.
It was so because is struck at the validity
of the pontifical acts of the last 300 years, weakened the effect of
papal decisions of this period over the intellect and conscience of the
faithful. It kept alive a dangerous controversy on the subject of
infallibility altogether, and exposed even the infallibility of the
Church itself to difficulties not easy to solve. As an apparently open
or disputable point, close to the very root of faith, it exposed even
the faith itself to the reach of doubts.
Next, practically, it was mischievous beyond measure.
The divisions and contentions of 'Gallicanism' and 'Ultramontanism'
have been a scandal and a shame to us. Protestants and unbelievers have
been kept from the truth by our intestine controversies, especially upon
a point so high and so intimately connected with the whole doctrinal
authority of the Church. Again, morally, the division and contention on
this point, supposed to be open, has generated more alienation,
bitterness and animosity between Pastors and people, and what is worse,
between Pastor and Pastor, than any other in our day. (Cardinal Manning, The Vatican Council and Definitions, pp. 41-42.). . . .
The Case of Pope Liberius
Pope Liberius reigned during the height of the
Arian heresy and was exiled by order of the Emperor Constantius for his
opposition to it. Some authors claim that the pope signed a document
promoting Arianism. Frs. Rumble and Carty have refused this false claim
Historical research has shown that it is
doubtful whether he signed the document at all. ...St. Athanasius and
St. Hilary, who thought he did sign, insist that no charge of heresy
could be made against Liberius on the score that the document was not
necessarily heretical. ...On his return from exile he defended the
Nicene decisions against Arianism, and remained a most uncompromising
defender of the orthodox doctrine until his death in 366 A.D. (E. Hales,
First Vatican Council, pp. 21-22.)
Ballerini says that if
Liberius compromised the faith, " 'which is by no means certain,' ... it
was 'not the result of full free-will; for the fear of the Emperor
Constantius was the motive; and still less in this fall was a definition
of the faith involved.' "Many authors, like Socrates, Theodoret and
Sulpicius Severus testify in favor of Liberius. Of the testimonies
brought against him, several are evidently spurious, and even if they
were genuine, they show only a semi-Arian Catholicizing formula, but not
an 'Arian creed.'
Hagemann in the Journal of Theological Literature notes: "Liberius can be accused, not of what he did, but what he
omitted to do; he can, from a moral point of view, be blamed for his
silence, for his weakness, while the dogmatic purity of his faith
The Case of Pope Honorius I
The council witnessed many heated debates
concerning papal infallibility. Opponents to papal infallibility
fabricated every objection possible in order to prevent or defer its
definition, even claiming that Honorius I was a heretical pope.
Cardinal Manning refuted their false allegations:
In the judgment of a cloud of the greatest
theologians of all countries, schools, and languages, since the
controversy was opened two hundred years ago, the case of Honorius has
been completely solved. Nay more, it has been used with abundant
evidence, drawn from the very same acts acts and documents, to prove the
direct contrary hypothesis, namely, the infallibility of the Roman
Pontiffs. ...They who have cleared Honorius of personal heresy, are an
overwhelming majority compared with their opponents.
It is in vain for the antagonists of papal
infallibility to quote this case as if it were certain. Centuries of
controversy have established, beyond contradiction, that the accusation
against Honorius cannot be raised by his most ardent antagonists to more
than a probability. And this probability, at its maximum, is less than
that of his defense. I therefore affirm the question to be doubtful;
which is abundantly sufficient against the private judgment of his
accusers. The cumulus of evidence for the infallibility of the Roman
Pontiff outweighs all such doubts. ...The following points in the case
of Honorius can be abundantly proved from documents:
(A) That Honorius defend no doctrine whatsoever.
(B) That he forbade the making of any new definition.
(C) That his fault was precisely in this omission of Apostolic authority, for which he was justly censured.
(D) That his two
epistles are entirely orthodox; though, in the use of language, he wrote
as was usual before the condemnation of Monotheletism, and not as it
became necessary afterwards. It is an anachronism and an injustice to
censure his language, used before that condemnation, as it might be just
to censure it after the condemnation had been made.
To this I add the
following excellent passage from the Pastoral of the Archbishop of
Baltimore: 'The case of Honorius forms no exception; for 1st, Honorius
expressly says in his letters to Sergius, that he meant to define
nothing, and he was condemned precisely because he temporized and would
not define; 2nd, because in his letters he clearly taught the sound
Catholic doctrine, only enjoining silence as to the use of certain
terms, then new in the Church; and 3rd, because his letters were not
addressed to a general council of the whole Church, and were rather
private, than public and official; at least they were not published,
even in the East, until several years later. The first letter was
written to Sergius in 633, and eight years afterwards, in 641, the
Emperor Heraclius, in exculpating himself to Pope John II, Honorius'
successor, for having published his edict--the Ecthesis--which enjoined
silence on disputants, similar to that imposed by Honorius, lays the
whole responsibility thereof on Sergius, who he declares, composed the
edict. Evidently, Sergius had not communicated the letter to the
Emperor, probably because its contents, if published, would not have
suited his wily purpose of secretly introducing, under another form, the
Eutychian heresy. Thus falls to the ground the only case upon which the
opponents of infallibility have continued to insist. This entire
subject had been exhausted by many learned writers.' (Cardinal Manning, The Vatican Council and its Definitions, pp. 245-246).
A Heretical Pope--an Impossibility
A legitimate pope cannot
contradict or deny what was first taught by Christ to His Church. An
essential change in belief constitutes the establishment of a new
The attribute of infallibility was given to
the popes in order that the revealed doctrines and teaching of Christ
would remain forever intact and unchanged. It is contrary to faith and
reason to blindly follow an alleged pope who attempts to destroy the
Catholic Faith--for there have been 41 documented antipopes. Papal
infallibility means that the Holy Ghost guides and preserves the
Catholic Church from error through the succession of legitimate popes
who have ruled the Church through the centuries. All Catholics,
including Christ's Vicar on earth, the pope, must accept all the
doctrinal pronouncements of past popes. These infallible teachings form a
vital link between Christ and St. Peter and his successors.
If a pope did not accept and believe this
entire body of formulated teachings (the Deposit of Faith), he could not
himself be a Catholic. He would cease to belong to Christ's Church. If
he no longer belongs to the Catholic Church, he cannot be her Head.
One who, after baptism, retaining the name of
Christian pertinaciously denies (rejects) or doubts a divinely revealed
truth is a heretic and by that fact ceases to be a Catholic. A heretic
incurs ipso facto excommunication, i.e., (by that very fact)
automatically, without sentence of law. A heretic is not a Catholic and
the pope must be a Catholic. . . .
Therefore, a heretical pope is deposed by his public
sin against Divine Law. Were a pope ever to teach formal heresy, he
would cease to be pope. There can be no such thing as a heretical pope.
This is an oxymoron--heresy and the papacy are diametrically opposed
and the terms are irreconcilable.
In his letter of May 25, 1999, Fr. Martin Stepanich, OFM (S.T.D.) says:
If it is true, as some theologians reasonably maintain, that a true people, one validly elected, cannot become a heretic,
because of special divine protection, and cannot for that reason fall
from the papacy, then the only logical conclusion to draw is that a
heretic occupying the Chair of Peter was a heretic already before being elected, and could therefore not have been a legitimate valid candidate for election to the papacy to begin with.
If any baptized person (even
an alleged pope) "pertinaciously denies or doubts any of the truths
which must be believed by an obligation of divine and Catholic faith, he
is a heretic; if he gives up the Christian faith entirely, he is an
apostate..." Obviously the pope cannot change 2,000 years of Catholic
faith, morals and worship. Canon law states: "If one after the reception
of baptism, while retaining the name Christian, pertinaciously denies
or doubts any of the truths which must be believed by an obligation of
divine and Catholic faith, he is a heretic."
A heretic ceases to belong
to the Catholic Church and loses his office and authority. This is not a
matter of "judging the pope," it is a recognition of fact. Popes and
general councils don't create new doctrines; they merely clarify
existing teaching. . . .
The question of a heretical pope was raised by one of the cardinals at the Vatican Council of 1870:
'What is to be done with the pope if he
becomes a heretic?' It was answered that 'there has never been such a
case; the council of bishops could depose him for heresy, for from the
moment he becomes a heretic he is not the head or even a member of the
Church. The Church would not be, for a moment, obliged to listen to him
when he begins to teach a doctrine the Church knows to be a false
doctrine, and he would cease to be pope, being deposed by God Himself.
If the pope, for instance, were to say that the belief in God is false,
you would not be obliged to believe him, or if he were to deny the rest
of the creed; I believe in Christ, etc. The supposition is injurious to
the Holy Father in the very idea, but serves to show you the fullness
with which the subject has been considered and the ample thought given
to every possibility. If he denies any Dogma of the Church held by every
true believer, he is no more pope than either you or I. (Father James
McGovern, The Life and Work of Pope Leo XIII, p. 241.).
Christ established His
Church upon the rock of Peter and promised that the gates of Hell would
not prevail against it. St. Ambrose tells us that faith is the
foundation of the Church; because of the faith, and the person of Peter,
the Church will always be preserved from error.
To guarantee the
lifeline of truth, Our Lord gave the attribute of infallibility to His
Vicar on earth. If it were possible at any time for the pope using his
supreme apostolic authority to teach error on matters of faith and
morals to the universal Church, it would affect the entire Church,
thereby giving the gates of Hell power to prevail over Her.
If the Vicar of Christ
on earth could lead the Church astray, the devil himself would have
prevailed over the immaculate Bride of Christ, the Church. this is an
impossibility because we have Christ's guarantee that His Church, the
Catholic Church, will last until the end of time, unvanquished by the
lies and deceits of Satan. Jesus Christ, the Son of God, can neither
deceive nor be deceived. He will protect His Church from false doctrine
until the end of time.
The attribute of infallibility was given to the
pope so that the revealed doctrines and teachings of Christ would
remain forever intact and unchanged. Any pope who changes such teachings
held for almost 2,000 years is a heretic and ceases to belong to the
Catholic Church. A heretic is not a Catholic and therefore cannot be
head of the Church.
Our study of 20 General Councils of the
Catholic Church (325 AD--1870) concludes with Vatican I. During the same
period, there were also 20 false councils. Some were convoked by
antipopes and many taught heresy. On which side would you place Vatican
St. Vincent of Lerins asserted: "Do not be
misled by various and passing doctrines. In the Catholic Church Herself
we must be careful to hold what has been believed everywhere, always and
by all; for that alone is truly and properly Catholic." (Fathers
Francisco and Dominic Radecki, CMRI, Tumultuous Times, pp.236-238; 251-253; 274-275; 276; 278-279.)
A Final Note on Pope John XXII from Thomas A. Droleskey
Anti-sedevacantist authors assert that Pope
John XXII (Jacques D'Euse) was a "heretical pope" because he taught the
only souls in Heaven who could see the Beatific Vision were those who
had bodies. Theologians beseeched him to correct his error on this
matter, which had not yet been defined solemnly by the authority of the
Catholic Church. Pope John XXII did recant his error before he died. It
is important to emphasize, however, that the matter had not been
declared by the authority of the Church. Pope John XXII was not, as
Cardinal Manning pointed out at the [First] Vatican Council, a
A Compendium of the
Errors of the Society of Saint Pius X, compiled in 2009 by Mr. Michael
Creighton (and reprinted with his permission, granted in 2009)
To briefly enumerate some of the problems in the SSPX, they are:
1 A rejection of the of the ordinary magisterium
(Vatican I; Session III - Dz1792) which must be divinely revealed. For
instance Paul VI claimed that the new mass and Vatican II were his
“Supreme Ordinary Magisterium” and John Paul II promulgated his
catechism which contains heresies and errors in Fide Depositum by his
“apostolic authority” as “the sure norm of faith and doctrine” and bound
everyone by saying who believes what was contained therein is in
“ecclesial communion”, that is in the Church.
2 A rejection of the divinely revealed teaching
expressed in Vatican I , Session IV, that the faith of Peter [the Pope]
cannot fail. Three ancient councils are quoted to support this claim.
(2nd Lyons, 4th Constantinople & Florence). Pope Paul IV’s bull Cum
Ex Apostolatus Officio teaches the same in the negative sense of this
3 A distortion of canon law opposed to virtually
all the canonists of the Church prior to Vatican II which tell us a
heretical pope ipso facto loses his office by the operation of the law
itself and without any declaration. This is expressed in Canon 188.4
which deals with the divine law and footnotes Pope Paul IV’s bull, Cum
ex Apostolatus Officio. The SSPX pretends that sections of the code on
penalties somehow apply to the pope which flatly contradicted by the law
itself. The SSPX pretends that jurisdiction remains in force when the
code clearly says jurisdiction is lost and only ‘acts’ of jurisdiction
are declared valid until the person is found out (canons 2264-2265).
This is simply to protect the faithful from invalid sacraments, not to
help heretics retain office and destroy the Church. Charisms of the
office, unlike indelible sacraments, require real jurisdiction. The SSPX
pretends that penalties of the censure of ipso facto excommunication
cannot apply to cardinals since it reserved to Holy See (canon 2227).
This is another fabrication since the law does not refer to automatic
(latae sententiae) penalties but only to penalties in which a competent
judge is needed to inflict or declare penalties on offenders. Therefore
it only refers to condemnatory and declaratory sentences but not
automatic sentences. To say that ipso facto does not mean what it says
is also condemned by Pope Pius VI in Auctorem Fidei.
4 The SSPX holds a form of the Gallican heresy that
falsely proposes a council can depose a true pope. This was already
tried by the Council of Basle and just as history condemned those
schismatics, so it will condemn your Lordship. This belief also denies
canon 1556 “The First See is Judged by no one.” This of course means in a
juridical sense of judgment, not remaining blind to apostasy, heresy
and crime which automatically takes effect.
5 The SSPX denies the visible Church must manifest
the Catholic faith. They claim that somehow these men who teach heresy
can’t know truth. This is notion has been condemned by Vatican I,
Session III, Chapter 2. It is also condemned by canon 16 of the 1917
code of canon law. Clearly LaSalette has been fulfilled. Rome is the
seat of anti-Christ & the Church is eclipsed. Clearly, our Lords
words to Sr. Lucy at Rianjo in 1931 have come to pass. His “Ministers
[Popes] have followed the kings of France into misfortune”.
6 The SSPX reject every doctor of the Church and
every Church father who are unanimous in stating a heretic ipso facto is
outside the Church and therefore cannot possess jurisdiction &
pretends that is only their opinion when St. Robert states “... it is
proven, with arguments from authority and from reason, that the manifest
heretic is ipso facto deposed.” The authority he refers to is the
magisterium of the Church, not his own opinion.
7 Pope Pius XII’s Vacantis Apostolicae Sedis is
misinterpreted by the SSPX to validly elect a heretic to office against
the divine law. A public heretic cannot be a cardinal because he
automatically loses his office. This decree only refers to cardinals and
hence it does not apply to ex-cardinals who automatically lost their
offices because they had publicly defected from the Catholic faith. The
cardinals mentioned in this decree who have been excommunicated are
still Catholic and still cardinals; hence their excommunication does not
cause them to become non-Catholics and lose their offices, as does
excommunication for heresy and public defection from the Catholic faith.
This is what the Church used to call a minor excommunication. All post
1945 canonists concur that Vacantis Apostolicae Sedis does not remove
ipso facto excommunication: Eduardus F. Regatillo (1956), Matthaeus
Conte a Coronata (1950), Serapius Iragui (1959), A. Vermeersch - I.
Creusen (1949), Udalricus Beste (1946) teach that a pope or cardinal or
bishop who becomes a public heretic automatically loses his office and a
public heretic cannot legally or validly obtain an office. Even
supposing this papal statement could apply to non-Catholics (heretics),
Pope Pius XII goes on to say “at other times they [the censures] are to
remain in vigor.” Does this mean the Pope intends that a notorious
heretic will take office and then immediately lose his office? It is an
absurd conclusion, hence we must respect the interpretation of the
Church in her canonists.
Errors/Heresies typical of an SSPX chapel attendees & priests:
1) We are free to reject rites promulgated by the Church. [Condemned by Trent Session VII, Canon XIII/Vatican I, Session II]
2) The Pope can’t be trusted to make judgments on
faith and morals. We have to sift what is Catholic. [Condemned by
Vatican I, Session IV, Chapter III.]
3) We are free to reject or accept ordinary
magisterial teachings from a pope since they can be in error. This
rejection may include either the conciliar ‘popes’ when teach heresy or
the pre-conciliar popes in order to justify the validity of the
conciliar popes jurisdiction, sacraments, etc [Condemned by Vatican I
(Dz1792)/Satis Cognitum #15 of Leo XIII]
4) The Kantian doctrine of unknowability of reality.
We can’t know what is heresy, therefore we can’t judge. [Condemned by
Vatican I, Session III, Chapter 2: On Revelation, Jn7:24].
5) The faith of the Pope can fail. Frequently this
is expressed as “we work for” or “we pray for the Popes conversion to
the Catholic faith”. [condemned by Vatican I and at least 3 earlier
councils mentioned above].
6) Universal salvation, ecumenism, religious
liberty, validity of the Old Covenant, etc. can be interpreted in a
Catholic sense. [Condemned by every saint, every doctor of the Church
and every Pope who comments on such issues; for instance Pope Eugene IV
(Cantate Domino – Council of Florence)
7) Contraries can be true. [Hegelian doctrine
against Thomistic Philosophy]. If these positions appear to be
contradictory, they are.
When I [Michael Creighton]
point out these positions are against the Faith, frequently the Hegelian
doctrine is employed by those in attendance at the SSPX chapel.