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                       July 27, 2006

As Catholics Sleep

by Thomas A. Droleskey

The times in which we live have created massive confusion in the minds of Catholics. This confusion has enveloped us all. It continues to envelope us all, if we are honest with ourselves. That is, the very men who claim to hold ecclesiastical office and whom we should trust unreservedly as our shepherds act and speak in ways that prove them to be enemies of the Cross of the Divine Redeemer. How is this possible? It is thus natural for those who see the difficulties to ask questions of themselves and others, thus engaging in the often painful and sometimes lengthy process of re-evaluating former positions, coming to realize what one held with certainty in the past concerning the state of the Church in the conciliarist era was, in plain English, wrong.

Some people, it appears, believe that the truth of our situation is so evident and manifest that anyone who does not embrace their particular perspective immediately and without any hesitation or reservation has shown himself to be a person of malice uninterested in taking the "only" position that one can take, namely, theirs. This is why I have been trying, apparently unsuccessfully, to call for Charity amongst the warring tribes in Traditionalism. While it is indeed the case that there has never been a period lasting over four decades in which there have been successive antipopes viewed by many as the legitimate Successor of Saint Peter, it is also the case that there has never been a period lasting over four decades in which popes have spoken and acted in many and varied ways contrary to how every pope spoke and acted prior to 1958. We are in a period of true ecclesiastical novelty, producing the confusion that the Modernists have used so cleverly to lull most Catholics to sleep and/or convince those who are partially conscious to try to defend the indefensible.

That any of us sees even a little bit of the picture is by the grace of Our Lady. We must remember that many Catholics were lulled to sleep during the Arian heresy, trusting their shepherds completely as little drops of poison were placed in their minds day after day after day. Many Catholics in England were lulled to sleep following King Henry VIII's break from Rome in 1534, preferring to think that they were still Catholics in good standing as they adhered to the novelties wrought by the synthetic entity known as the "Anglican" church. So it is today that many Catholics, and I was one of them for far too long, have been lulled to sleep by shepherds who--either wittingly or unwittingly--have accepted that conciliarism is compatible with Catholicism.

The Church taught prior to the Second Vatican Council that Jews had to convert to save their souls. Is this what conciliarism teaches? John Paul II taught and Benedict XVI teaches that the Old Covenant has not been superceded by the New and Eternal Covenant instituted by Our Lord at the Last Supper and ratified by the shedding of every single drop of His Most Precious Blood on the wood of the Holy Cross. So much for the Council of Florence.

The Church taught prior to the Second Vatican Council that there was only one true Church, the Catholic Church, and that all of those belonging to Protestant sects had to convert to save their souls. Is this what conciliarism teaches? So much for Iam Vos Omnes and Mortalium Animos.

The Council of Trent, a dogmatic council, by the way, taught that the Lutheran concept of Justification by Faith alone was heretical. The Joint Declaration on Justification, entered into by the Vatican and Lutherans in 1999 and just recently entered into by Methodists, says, in essence, that Trent was wrong. (For an excellent treatment of this issue, please see Bishop Donald Sanborn's article, found at: traditionalmass.org | Articles: Benedict XVI Heresies and Errors | Traditional Latin Mass Resources. There are very good resources on this website that critique the novelties and heresies of the past forty-eight years.)

The Church taught consistently that what is now called "religious liberty" is a heresy. Conciliarism heralds it as an indispensable element of "human rights" and the "healthy secularism" of the modern state. Pope Gregory XVI was very clear on this matter in Mirari Vos, 1832:

Now We consider another abundant source of the evils with which the Church is afflicted at present: indifferentism. This perverse opinion is spread on all sides by the fraud of the wicked who claim that it is possible to obtain the eternal salvation of the soul by the profession of any kind of religion, as long as morality is maintained. Surely, in so clear a matter, you will drive this deadly error far from the people committed to your care. With the admonition of the apostle that "there is one God, one faith, one baptism" may those fear who contrive the notion that the safe harbor of salvation is open to persons of any religion whatever. They should consider the testimony of Christ Himself that "those who are not with Christ are against Him,"and that they disperse unhappily who do not gather with Him. Therefore "without a doubt, they will perish forever, unless they hold the Catholic faith whole and inviolate." Let them hear Jerome who, while the Church was torn into three parts by schism, tells us that whenever someone tried to persuade him to join his group he always exclaimed: "He who is for the See of Peter is for me." A schismatic flatters himself falsely if he asserts that he, too, has been washed in the waters of regeneration. Indeed Augustine would reply to such a man: "The branch has the same form when it has been cut off from the vine; but of what profit for it is the form, if it does not live from the root?"

This shameful font of indifferentism gives rise to that absurd and erroneous proposition which claims that liberty of conscience must be maintained for everyone. It spreads ruin in sacred and civil affairs, though some repeat over and over again with the greatest impudence that some advantage accrues to religion from it. "But the death of the soul is worse than freedom of error," as Augustine was wont to say. When all restraints are removed by which men are kept on the narrow path of truth, their nature, which is already inclined to evil, propels them to ruin. Then truly "the bottomless pit" is open from which John saw smoke ascending which obscured the sun, and out of which locusts flew forth to devastate the earth. Thence comes transformation of minds, corruption of youths, contempt of sacred things and holy laws -- in other words, a pestilence more deadly to the state than any other. Experience shows, even from earliest times, that cities renowned for wealth, dominion, and glory perished as a result of this single evil, namely immoderate freedom of opinion, license of free speech, and desire for novelty.

Reverence and solemnity were the order of the day in the various liturgical rites of the Catholic Church prior to the Second Vatican Council. Novelty and profanity, including the incorporation of pagan rituals that the Apostles and those who followed them sought to eradicate from the lives of men and their nations, are commonplace throughout what is considered to be the "normative" Mass of the Latin Rite of the Catholic Church. A mockery is made of the worship of the true God as veritable devils are given a place of honor with Him.

No, conciliarism is not compatible with Catholicism. One can go insane trying to reconcile mutually contradictory words and statements. One can go insane by holding one's tongue about mutually contradictory words and statements when has come to know the truth of the matter. Catholicism does not produce a situation where most bishops and most lay Catholics are bereft of most of the perennial teaching that Our Lord entrusted solely to the Catholic Church. Catholicism does not produce chaos in dioceses and parishes and universities and schools and seminaries. Catholicism does not make allies with the enemies of the Divine Redeemer to effect "social progress." Conciliarism is simply not compatible with Catholicism. It has never been the case in the history of the Church that a series of popes have acted as though only they, the relatively recent popes, matter and that the reiteration of the consistent teaching of the Church by their ancient predecessors is to be explained away or ignored entirely.

An important compendium of resources to prove this point has been published by St. Joseph's Media. Written by Fathers Francisco and Dominic Radecki of the Congregation of Mary Immaculate Queen (CMRI), Tumultuous Times, leaves no stone unturned in its systematic review of each of the twenty councils of the Church that preceded the Second Vatican Council in 1962. On page xiv of the Introduction, the Fathers Radecki, who are identical twin brothers, describe the work of a general council of the Church:

The General Councils of the Church cannot establish or introduce new teachings. In the year 1871, Fr. Delaporte wrote:

"The twelve Apostles ...and their countless successors, proclaimed everywhere the same creed, and so the testimony of one is strengthened and confirmed by the testimony of all the others. When a priest today teaches Catholic truth two hundred and fifty-nine popes, ninety thousand bishops, millions of priests, doctors, martyrs, saints, the learned, myriads of faithful, the noblest portion of mankind, the most enlightened and virtuous for over eighteen hundred years, in one magnificent concert, teach with him. The distinctive sign of truth shines forth, Unity!"

The Fathers Radecki went on to write:

Catholics of today must realize it is an erroneous notion to believe that the Church has survived in relative peace throughout Her history. In fact, it is difficult to find a single, 25-year period during which the Church was at peace. this should make us stand in awe of the fact that God has guarded the Church from dangers throughout Her history and has preserved Her doctrinal integrity in spite of numerous and various attacks both from within and without.

Our modern age witnesses a variety of religious groups, each claiming that it has possession of spiritual truth. The fallacy of the claim of each can be easily seen by Catholics who securely believe that the Catholic Church is the true Church, since it alone traces its foundation directly to Christ.

In the first century AD, this Church was christened with the name "Catholic" by St. Ignatius, bishop of Antioch (d. 107 AD), who declared, "Where Jesus Christ is, there is the Catholic Church." However, since the Church has never been free from the attacks of Satan, who seeks to corrupt what is good and true in order to destroy it, even Her very name has been used to cause confusion and contention.

Truth is absolute. A church is either Catholic or not, though at times it is not easy to distinguish between the two. Many modern Catholics think that if a group calls itself Catholic and in part "looks" somewhat Catholic, it must be part of the Catholic Church. But what if clerics claim to be Catholic while yet promoting tainted doctrine? Is this possible? Wasn't the Catholic Church promised freedom from error in matters of faith and morals?

The Church indeed has been promised freedom from error in matters of faith and morals, but it has not been promised freedom from struggle and attack. In the very beginning of the Christian Era, even within the lifetime of the Apostles, erroneous teachings were promoted by heretical priests and bishops. These clerics claimed to hold the true message of Christ, while in fact they were heretics.

It is easy for us, in retrospect, to identify the heresies of the Church of those early days, but for the Christians living during that time it was much more confusing. Many pastors worthily bore the sacred trust of leading Christ's flock and preserving His teachings intact, while usurpers taught their corrupt doctrines and lead many astray. It was sometimes difficult to identify wolves disguised in sheep's clothing, for all claimed to belong to Christ's true Church. Those who remained Catholic followed the Faith as it had been preserved through the centuries. Sadly though, many of those who were deceived by heretical clergy never realized that through the course of time they gradually adopted beliefs and practices that could eventually lead them outside the Catholic Church.

History indeed repeats itself. As we view modern times in the light of the past history of the Church, we can easily recognize that error and heresy can be taught in the name of Catholicism and by "Catholic" clergy just as easily as in the name of a false god or non-Christian religion. If Satan was not content to let Catholic clergy preach incorrupt truth in the early ages of the Church, why should we think he would be any less active today?

As you read through this book, ask yourself if there are any parallels between the heresies and false councils of the past, and the heresies and false teachings of today. Previous heresies at the time that they were taught were not labeled as "Arianism," Lutheranism" or "Protestantism," but were preached as Christ's truth. So too, the heresies that we witness today are enveloping the world in the same way. Multitudes are being led astray as in days of old.

The Fathers Radecki, who amassed around 1,500 footnotes in their mammoth book, which runs over 670 pages, went on to discuss the matter of heresy:

Heresy is the denial of one or more teachings of the Catholic Church. Two examples from the past are the Arian heresy and the Nestorian heresy, both of which denied fundamental doctrines of the church. St. Isidore (d. 636 AD) wrote:

"Therefore, heresy is so-called from the Greek word meaning choice, by which each chooses according to his own will what he pleases to teach or believe. But we are not permitted to believe whatever we choose, nor to choose whatever someone else has believed. We have the apostles of God as authorities, who did not themselves of their own will choose what they would believe, but faithfully transmitted to the nations the teaching received from Christ. So, even if an angel from heaven should preaching otherwise, he shall be called anathema."

In his book The Great Heresies, Hillaire Belloc stripped off the mask of heresy when he wrote, "It is of the essence of heresy that it leaves standing a great part of the structure it attacks. On this account it can appeal to believers and continue to affect their lives."

By the same token, a heretic is "One who after baptism, while remaining nominally a Christian, pertinaciously (that is, with conscious and intentional resistance to the authority of God and the Church) denies or doubts any one of the truths which must be believed "de fide divina et catholica [of divine and Catholic faith]." A doctrine is de fide divina et catholica only when it is has been infallibly declared by the Church to be revealed by God.

"If a Christian were unconsciously to hold an error, he would be what is called a material heretic; if he were conscious of his error, and still persisted in it, he would be a formal heretic. Formal heresy incurs the penalty of excommunication."

Pope Leo XIII write in the Encyclical Satis Cognitum, "There can be nothing more dangerous than those heretics who admit nearly the whole series of doctrine, and yet by one word, as with a drop of poison, taint the real and simple Faith taught by Our Lord and handed down by Apostolic Tradition.

It is difficult to comprehend how heretics have been, and still can be, so convincing and persuasive in their arguments that they hold great sway, not only over the laity, but even over the clergy. One only needs to remember that Lucifer is the teacher of all heretics and therefore they bear a close resemblance to him. Being proud and arrogant, heretics claim to be more enlightened than others. They haughtily attempt to "improve" the Church by making doctrinal changes.

The devil has also deceived millions by the feigned or apparent "holiness" of heretics. Arius was an ascetic priest. Nestorius, a bishop, and Etyches an aged abbot. It was not an easy matter for the faithful to identify them as wolves in sheep's clothing, for they all claimed to belong to the true Church.

The Fathers Radecki, after discussing Apostasy and Schism, deal with the Papacy, which is a subject examined at length near the end of Tumultuous Times:

Occasionally during the course of Church history, such as during the Western Schism and during the reign of antipopes, Catholics have been faced with the dilemma of a doubtful pope. During these turbulent periods, many of the Catholic faithful had serious doubts as to the identity of the true pope. By remaining faithful to the Holy Sacrifice of the Mass, the Seven Sacraments and the infallible teachings of the Church, Catholics were able to weather these storms and preserve their faith. Fr. Francis Doyle, S.J., elucidates this matter:

"The Church is a visible society with a visible Ruler. If there can be any doubt about who that visible Ruler is, he is not visible, and hence, where there is any doubt about whether a person has been legitimately elected Pope, that doubt must be removed before he can become the visible head of Christ's Church. Blessed [St. Robert] Bellarmine, S.J., says: 'A doubtful Pope must be considered as no Pope'; and Suarez, S.J., says: 'At the time of the Council of Constance there were three men claiming to be Pope ...Hence, it could have been that not one of them was the true Pope, and in that case, there was no Pope at all, because not one of them had been accepted by the sufficient consent of the Church.'"

Mind you, these passages are just from the Introduction to Tumultuous Times. The body of the book provides a readable summary of the Church's twenty councils, critiquing the various heresies confronted by the Church during her history in a way that does not require an advanced degree in theology. Moreover, the book is written in a spirit of true Charity, recognizing that Catholics at present are indeed living in confusing times and that we need to help our fellow Catholics to see the truth clearly without pointing our fingers at them and condemning them outright for not seeing things as we do.

Articles on this site in the past three months now have examined some of the questions concerning the theological views of the former Joseph Cardinal Ratzinger and the general ethos of the Second Vatican Council and its aftermath. The purpose of trying to compare the perennial teaching of the Church with the novelties of conciliarism has been to help readers see for themselves the stark differences that exist between two different religions, Catholicism and conciliarism. While I have made no "public declaration," for which there seems to be quite a clamor in certain circles, I have said quite plainly and without any reservation at all that the sedevacantist thesis may be correct and that some future pope or council will declare the conciliar popes to have been antipopes.

The mere fact that I have written that the sedevacantist position may be correct has been enough to close a lot of doors, which is fine. As I have written in the past three months, each person must follow his conscience in these times of ecclesiastical confusion. There are devoted and self-sacrificing Traditional Catholics who disagree with even the raising the possibility of sedevacantism being true. Such Catholics are not "heretics" or "false Traditionalists." They are faithful sons and daughters of the Church who see things differently than others. We must be charitable to each other as we stake out different positions in this time of novelty and apostasy. No one we have met in our recent travels around the nation is acting in bad faith. We have met people who are simply trying to save their immortal souls in the underground as best they can by the graces sent to them by Our Lady.

For my own part, however, evidence such as is amassed in Tumultuous Times will, after due deliberation and much prayer, prove to be of assistance to me in further assessing our situation and coming to grips with the practical conclusions that must be drawn from these passages from Pope Leo XIII's Satis Cognitum:

Nay more: they likewise required their successors to choose fitting men, to endow them with like authority, and to confide to them the office and mission of teaching. "Thou, therefore, my son, be strong in the grace which is in Christ Jesus: and the things which thou hast heard of me by many witnesses, the same command to faithful men, who shall be fit to teach others also" (2 Tim. ii., 1-2). Wherefore, as Christ was sent by God and the Apostles by Christ, so the Bishops and those who succeeded them were sent by the Apostles. "The Apostles were appointed by Christ to preach the Gospel to us. Jesus Christ was sent by God. Christ is therefore from God, and the Apostles from Christ, and both according to the will of God....Preaching therefore the word through the countries and cities, when they had proved in the Spirit the first - fruits of their teaching they appointed bishops and deacons for the faithful....They appointed them and then ordained them, so that when they themselves had passed away other tried men should carry on their ministry" (S. Clemens Rom. Epist. I ad Corinth. capp. 42, 44). On the one hand, therefore, it is necessary that the mission of teaching whatever Christ had taught should remain perpetual and immutable, and on the other that the duty of accepting and professing all their doctrine should likewise be perpetual and immutable. "Our Lord Jesus Christ, when in His Gospel He testifies that those who not are with Him are His enemies, does not designate any special form of heresy, but declares that all heretics who are not with Him and do not gather with Him, scatter His flock and are His adversaries: He that is not with Me is against Me, and he that gathereth not with Me scattereth" (S. Cyprianus, Ep. lxix., ad Magnum, n. I).

The Church, founded on these principles and mindful of her office, has done nothing with greater zeal and endeavour than she has displayed in guarding the integrity of the faith. Hence she regarded as rebels and expelled from the ranks of her children all who held beliefs on any point of doctrine different from her own. The Arians, the Montanists, the Novatians, the Quartodecimans, the Eutychians, did not certainly reject all Catholic doctrine: they abandoned only a certain portion of it. Still who does not know that they were declared heretics and banished from the bosom of the Church? In like manner were condemned all authors of heretical tenets who followed them in subsequent ages. "There can be nothing more dangerous than those heretics who admit nearly the whole cycle of doctrine, and yet by one word, as with a drop of poison, infect the real and simple faith taught by our Lord and handed down by Apostolic tradition" (Auctor Tract. de Fide Orthodoxa contra Arianos).

The practice of the Church has always been the same, as is shown by the unanimous teaching of the Fathers, who were wont to hold as outside Catholic communion, and alien to the Church, whoever would recede in the least degree from any point of doctrine proposed by her authoritative Magisterium. Epiphanius, Augustine, Theodore :, drew up a long list of the heresies of their times. St. Augustine notes that other heresies may spring up, to a single one of which, should any one give his assent, he is by the very fact cut off from Catholic unity. "No one who merely disbelieves in all (these heresies) can for that reason regard himself as a Catholic or call himself one. For there may be or may arise some other heresies, which are not set out in this work of ours, and, if any one holds to one single one of these he is not a Catholic" (S. Augustinus, De Haeresibus, n. 88).

It is easy to be lulled to sleep, thinking that we can reconcile Catholicism with conciliarism. We must pray, therefore, that we will be able to see the dangers of conciliarism and to take the measures that we need to take to flee from all contact with its pernicious errors and novelties.

In the midst of all of the confusion and in the midst of all of the backbiting and terrible judgmentalness in Traditional Catholic circles, we must maintain the order of our interior lives.

First of all, we must maintain the order of our interior lives by our commitment to assist only at the Mass of Tradition where it is offered by priests without any concessions to the unjust and illicit conditions imposed by the Vatican in the past twenty-two years.

Second, we must spend as much time before Our Lord's Real Presence as our states-in-life permit.

Third, we must renew daily our Total Consecration to Our Lady's Sorrowful and Immaculate Heart, praying Rosaries as frequently as we can during the course of a day.

Fourth, we must do penance for our sins, offering up our daily penances to God through Our Lady's Sorrowful and Immaculate Heart as her consecrated slaves. We deserve far worse than we suffer in this mortal vale of tears. Let us bear our suffering in union with the Divine Redeemer and His Most Blessed Mother, considering it a privilege to be able to make reparation for our sins and for those of the whole world while we yet have the breath of life.

Fifth, we must make a good Confession regularly, perhaps even once a week, making sure to forgive those who calumniate us and slander us just as we our forgiven for our many offenses by Our Lord Himself. Remember this and remember it well: nothing anyone says about us or does to us is the equal of what one of our least venial sins caused Our Lord to suffer on the wood of the Holy Cross.

This period of confusion will end. Tradition will be restored in the Church. Christendom will be restored in the world. The Reign of Mary Immaculate will be realized when some pope actually does consecrate Russia to her Sorrowful and Immaculate Heart. We must simply know God as He has revealed Himself through His true Church, love Him as He has revealed Himself through His true Church, and serve Him as He has revealed Himself through His true Church, praying that we will be given the grace to die in a state of Sanctifying Grace, thereby being the beneficiaries of God's ineffable Mercy and, after any time in Purgatory, sharers in an unending Easter Sunday of glory in Paradise.

Vivat Christus Rex!

Our Lady of Good Success, pray for us.

Saint Joseph, pray for us.

Saints Peter and Paul, pray for us.

Saint John the Baptist, pray for us.

Saint Michael the Archangel, pray for us.

Saint Gabriel the Archangel, pray for us.

Saint Raphael the Archangel, pray for us.

Saint Mary Magdalene, pray for us.

Saint James the Greater, son of Zebedee, pray for us.

Saint John the Evangelist, son of Zebedee, pray for us.

Saint Anne, pray for us.

Saint Pantaleon, pray for us.

Saint Vincent de Paul, pray for us.

Saint Augustine, pray for us.

Saint Thomas Aquinas, pray for us.

Saint Vincent Ferrer, pray for us.

Saint Sebastian, pray for us.

Saint Tarcisius, pray for us.

Saint Lucy, pray for us.

Saint Agnes, pray for us.

Saint Agatha, pray for us.

Saint Bridget of Sweden, pray for us.

Saint Catherine of Sweden, pray for us.

Saint Philomena, pray for us.

Saint John of the Cross, pray for us.

Saint John Bosco, pray for us.

Saint John Mary Vianney, pray for us.

Saint Teresa of Avila, pray for us.

Saint Therese Lisieux, pray for us.

Saint Bernadette Soubirous, pray for us.

Blessed Anne Catherine Emmerich, pray for us.

Blessed Pauline Jaricot, pray for us.

Blessed Francisco, pray for us.

Blessed Jacinta, pray for us.

Sister Lucia, pray for us.


The Longer Version of the Saint Michael the Archangel Prayer, composed by Pope Leo XIII, 1888

O glorious Archangel Saint Michael, Prince of the heavenly host, be our defense in the terrible warfare which we carry on against principalities and powers, against the rulers of this world of darkness, spirits of evil.  Come to the aid of man, whom God created immortal, made in His own image and likeness, and redeemed at a great price from the tyranny of the devil.  Fight this day the battle of our Lord, together with  the holy angels, as already thou hast fought the leader of the proud angels, Lucifer, and his apostate host, who were powerless to resist thee, nor was there place for them any longer in heaven.  That cruel, that ancient serpent, who is called the devil or Satan who seduces the whole world, was cast into the abyss with his angels.  Behold this primeval enemy and slayer of men has taken courage.  Transformed into an angel of light, he wanders about with all the multitude of wicked spirits, invading the earth in order to blot out the Name of God and of His Christ, to seize upon, slay, and cast into eternal perdition, souls destined for the crown of eternal glory.  That wicked dragon pours out. as a most impure flood, the venom of his malice on men of depraved mind and corrupt heart, the spirit of lying, of impiety, of blasphemy, and the pestilent breath of impurity, and of every vice and iniquity.  These most crafty enemies have filled and inebriated with gall and bitterness the Church, the spouse of the Immaculate Lamb, and have laid impious hands on Her most sacred possessions. In the Holy Place itself, where has been set up the See of the most holy Peter and the Chair of Truth for the light of the world, they have raised the throne of their abominable impiety with the iniquitous design that when the Pastor has been struck the sheep may be scattered.  Arise then, O invincible Prince, bring help against the attacks of the lost spirits to the people of God, and give them the victory.  They venerate thee as their protector and patron; in thee holy Church glories as her defense against the malicious powers of hell; to thee has God entrusted the souls of men to be established in heavenly beatitude.  Oh, pray to the God of peace that He may put Satan under our feet, so far conquered that he may no longer be able to hold men in captivity and harm the Church.  Offer our prayers in the sight of the Most High, so that they may quickly conciliate the mercies of the Lord; and beating down the dragon, the ancient serpent, who is the devil and Satan, do thou again make him captive in the abyss, that he may no longer seduce the nations.  Amen.

Verse: Behold the Cross of the Lord; be scattered ye hostile powers.

Response: The Lion of the Tribe of Juda has conquered the root of David.

Verse: Let Thy mercies be upon us, O Lord.

Response: As we have hoped in Thee.

Verse: O Lord hear my prayer.

Response: And let my cry come unto Thee.

Verse: Let us pray.  O God, the Father of our Lord Jesus Christ, we call upon Thy holy Name, and as suppliants, we implore Thy clemency, that by the intercession of Mary, ever Virgin, immaculate and our Mother, and of the glorious Archangel Saint Michael, Thou wouldst deign to help us against Satan and all other unclean spirits, who wander about the world for the injury of the human race and the ruin of our souls. 

Response:  Amen.  











© Copyright 2006, Thomas A. Droleskey. All rights reserved.